This is partly due to a Chile had already addressed serious banking sector weakness because of an earlier banking crisis. In addition, financial systems were to become "transparent", that is, provide the kind of reliable financial information used in the West to make sound financial decisions. It is a temporary breakdown of the functioning of the banking system. Indonesia shuts down 16 troubled banks. Valdes, Fourth, there is an urgent need to strengthen financial systems prior to capital-account liberalization. Major emerging economies Brazil and Argentina also fell into crisis in the late s see Argentine debt crisis.
Asian Financial Crisis
New York: McGraw—Hill, Economics Pros and Cons of a Trade Deficit. This also meant the appreciation of East Asian currencies that were pegged to the U. Often, it has directions to back all units of domestic currency with foreign currency. Luckily, the Asian financial crisis was stemmed somewhat due to financial intervention from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. As a result of the devaluation of Thailand's baht, a large portion of East Asian currencies fell by as much as 38 percent. For example, emerging market economies could have accepted the inevitability of currency outflows and reformed investment policies to attract foreign direct investment instead of trying to raise interest rates, which ended up costing central banks millions to maintain.
Asian Financial Crisis | Federal Reserve History
This caused the Federal Reserve to fear the possibility of a second Asian financial crisis. The events that came to be known as the Asian Financial Crisis generally caught market participants and policymakers by surprise. The result was contagion, with foreign creditors pulling back from other countries in the region seen as having similar vulnerabilities. This strategy involves close government co-operation with manufacturers of export products, including subsidies, favorable financial deals, and a currency peg to the U. The primary cause of currency crises in the past has been a central bank's failure to maintain a fixed rate peg to a floating rate foreign currency.
Description: See disclaimer. As a result of the devaluation of Thailand's baht, a large portion of East Asian currencies fell by as much as 38 percent. With the reversal of Plaza Accord in , the governments of the U. Many of the lessons learned from the Asian financial crisis can still be applied to situations happening today and can also be used to help alleviate problems in the future.